More than two thousand years ago, badminton was first played in Siam, which is now a part of China. It was not until 1870 that it was introduced to England, where it was played in a manner very similar to tennis.

After first gaining popularity in Canada, badminton eventually made its way to the United States of America, where it has been played regularly since 1929. With shuttlecock speeds reaching up to 100 kilometers per hour, badminton has been an Olympic sport since it was introduced in 1992.

The Rules of Badminton

One may choose to play badminton as a singles match or a doubles match, with either one or two players on a side.

The goal of the game is to use a racket to hit the shuttlecock, often known as the “bird,” back and forth over a net that is five feet high in the middle of the court. The bird has to be struck with such speed and precision that the opponent is left unable of successfully returning the shot. The speed of play in this game is variable and is determined by the overall skill level of the participants.

Safety/Etiquette in Badminton

  1. Maintain a tight hold on the racket at all times.
  2. Watch out that you don’t accidentally strike your partner with the racket.
  3. Remain inside your own court to reduce the probability of being involved in a collision with another player.
  4. If additional players join your court, you must pause the game.
  5. Before retrieving a bird from another court, you must first wait till there is a break in the activity.
  6. Pay attention to the walls and the posts of the net.
  7. Prior to start playing, come to an agreement on the borders, then choose the first person to serve.
  8. Players are responsible for calling their own lines; if there is any confusion, the point will be replayed.
  9. After the game or match, shake hands with each other.

Facilities/Equipment in Badminton

  1. Rackets are prone to cracking. Take care not to hit the ground, the wall, the net, the posts, or your partner. Also, keep away of activities such as tossing, flipping, or spinning the racket.
  2. Only the points of the shuttlecocks should be touched while they are being handled. The birds that have been entangled in the net need to be gently removed.
  3. It is the responsibility of each individual student to let the teacher know about any broken rackets.
  4. At the conclusion of each round, rackets must be placed back in their designated spots, and birds must be placed back in their respective baskets.

Game Rules/Scoring in Badminton

Badminton Players

  1. Singles – in which just one player competes against the other team.
  2. Doubles – in which there are two players competing against each other on a side.
  3. Mixed Doubles – a match consisting of one male and one female partner competing against another male and female pair of competitors

Badminton Scoring

  1. In a game using the rally scoring method, a point may be earned by either side despite the fact that one of the teams is serving.
  2. The winning score in a singles match or a doubles match is 21 points.
  3. A point is added to the total score of the team that prevails in a certain rally.
  4. If the score is tied at 20, the game is won by the team that goes on to take a two-point lead first.
  5. When the score is tied at 29, the game is won by the team that scores the next point.
  6. After each player’s side has scored 11 points in the third game of singles or doubles, the players switch sides.
  7. A victory in two of the match’s three games is required to claim victory in the match.

General Rules/Regulations in Badminton

  • Badminton Serving
  1. Prior to beginning the serve, the server must ensure that both of their feet are planted firmly on the ground.
  2. It is necessary to make touch with the bird below the waist.
  3. The head of the racket must be held below the wrist of the server.
  4. The receiver should be ready before the server attempts to serve; if the opponent attempts a return, the opponent is considered ready.
  5. The partners of the server and receiver are allowed to stand wherever on the court, so long as they do not hinder the vision of the opponent.
  6. A bird is considered to have served legally if it contacts the net while it is being served and then goes into the appropriate service court.
  7. Even if the server is unsuccessful in hitting the bird with the serve, the point will still be awarded. In singles and doubles, the person who was being served at would receive the ball.

  • Badminton Serving Order – Singles
  1. The right service court will be used to start the serve when the score is 0-0 at the beginning of the game and when the server’s score is even. The serve will come from the left service court if the score of the server is odd.
  2. If the server is successful in winning a rally, they will earn a point and then continue to serve from the alternative service court.
  3. The receiver earns a point and takes over as the new server if they are victorious in a rally in which they participated. They serve from the proper service court, which is the left side of the court if the score is odd and the right side of the court if the score is even.

  • Badminton Serving Order – Doubles
  1. Only one member of a team will have the opportunity to serve during each “service.”
  2. When the score is even (0, 2, 4, 6, etc.), the server will serve from the right service court at the beginning of the game and whenever the score is even. When the number is odd (1,3,5,7, etc.), the server will start their service from the left service court.
  3. If the side that is serving wins the rally, then that side gets a point, and the same server serves again from the other service court.
  4. The winning side in a rally awards a point to the side that is currently receiving the ball. The side that was previously in charge of receiving becomes the new serving side.
  5. The players do not switch their respective service courts until they have won a point when their team is in the position of serving.

  • In the subsequent game, the person or team that won the previous game will have the honor of serving first.
  • It is considered a positive sign when birds land on the wires.
  • A bird is considered to be in play during a rally if it crosses the line after making contact with the net.
  • A fault (rule violation) arises when:
  1. Any component of the racket head is higher than the server’s wrist during the service, and contact is made above the waist.
  2. The serve does not cross the net or reach the appropriate service court.
  3. The server’s and receiver’s feet are not in the correct courts at the moment of service.
  4. The server pauses or stops the service motion (feint/balk) or misses the bird.
  5. On the serve, the incorrect receiver returns the bird.
  6. A bird knocked into, under, or against a wall or ceiling is out of bounds.
  7. A player strikes the bird before it crosses the goal line.
  8. The bird makes contact with a player or their clothes.
  9. The player makes contact with the net while the bird is in play.
  10. One or both partners strike the bird twice in a row.
  11. When hit, the bird is held, captured, or carried on the racket.
  12. A player interferes with an opponent.

  • Let (a play allowed to be replayed)
  1. a. The bird gets entangled in or on the net after flying over it.
  2. a. The bird lands on the basketball supports or net.
  3. c. The following conditions occur before the next serve and if the guilty team wins the rally:
    • The proper server serves from the incorrect court.
    • The wrong server serves from the proper or incorrect service court.
    • The proper recipient is served in the incorrect court.

Basic Skills in Badminton

A. Grip

  1. Forehand – Shake hands with the grip such that the “V” created by the thumb and forefinger is on top of the handle, with the racket head perpendicular to the floor.
  2. Backhand – With a forehand grip, twist the hand slightly so the thumb is parallel to and along the broad side of the handle.

B. Footwork

  1. Take a series of little steps as you approach the shot, and then finish with a long stride.
  2. When in the ready position, the racket should be held high, the knees should be bent just a little bit, and the weight of the body should be on the balls of the feet.

C. Strokes

If you perform the same action for each shot, your opponent won’t be able to tell what shot you’re going to make until after the bird has been struck. A strong wrist movement enables much greater power and control with far less work.

The dominant side of the body is used to perform a forehand stroke, whereas the non-dominant side is used for a backhand stroke. The racket is swung back, the arm is bent with the elbow up, the wrist is cocked, and the body weight is put on the back foot. This is called the back foot swing. From this posture, the stroke is executed by flinging the hand at the point of contact between the bird and the racket while transferring weight to the front foot in order to complete the shot. When taking shots, an overhand motion should be used whenever it is practicable.

  1. A clear is a shot that is meant to slow down the game or to force your opponent away from the net or the forecourt. The bird has to soar high enough that it is out of reach of the challenger, but it must land within a foot of the baseline.
  2. A smash is an offensive shot that is taken at the topmost point of one’s vertical reach and somewhat in front of the shoulder. The arm and wrist are forced to come down with impact at the point of contact.
  3. The drive is a flat shot that is maintained as low as possible and is the second most effective offensive shot, behind only the smash.
  4. A shot is considered a drop shot if it falls immediately after it has crossed the net. The slow flight of the bird is carefully managed, with very little follow-through.
  5. A “Net Shot” is any shot that is played as close to the net as is physically feasible and is controlled by using the wrist and forearm. One kind of shot known as a net shot is the “hairpin shot.”

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